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Destination -Thailand

Destination Guide

ABOUT THAILAND
for tourists who need some useful tourist informations to advice details of each place in Thailand and prepare your journey.

FACT at a glance 


Welcome to the paradise on Earth, Thailand is giving you an amazing experience that you will never see elsewhere on this world. Culture, Food, Beaches, Temples, People, Tropics, Entertainment, Shopping and many more you can get in Thailand. Free yourself and relax while N.S. Travel stays besides waiting to serve all what you want.

 

National Flag: 


The red, white, and blue stripes symbolize the nation, Buddhism, and the monarchy, respectively. 
Full Country Name: 

Thailand (Prathet Thai, meaning "land of the free")



Capital: 

Bangkok (Krung Thep, meaning "city of angels")

Public Holidays Thailand
Below are listed Public Holidays for the January 2009-December 2010 period.

2009

1 Jan New Year's Day. 
9 Feb* Magha Bucha Day. 
6 Apr Chakri Day. 
13-15 Apr Songkran (Thai New Year). 
1 May Labour Day. 
5 May Coronation Day. 
9 May* Visakha Bucha. 
1 Jul Mid Year Bank Holiday. 
8 Jul* Khao Phansa Day (Buddhist Lent). 
12 Aug HM The Queen's Birthday. 
23 Oct Chulalongkorn Day. 
5 Dec HM The King's Birthday. 
10 Dec Constitution Day. 
31 Dec New Year's Eve.

2010 

1 Jan New Year's Day. 
Feb* Magha Bucha Day. 
6 Apr Chakri Day. 
13-15 Apr Songkran (Thai New Year). 
28 Apr Visakha Bucha.
1 May Labour Day. 
5 May Coronation Day. 
1 Jul Mid Year Bank Holiday. 
Jul* Khao Phansa Day (Buddhist Lent). 
12 Aug HM The Queen's Birthday. 
23 Oct Chulalongkorn Day. 
5 Dec HM The King's Birthday. 
10 Dec Constitution Day. 
31 Dec New Year's Eve.
Note
* The religious festivals are determined by the Buddhist lunar calendar and therefore are difficult to predict. The dates provided here are estimates.

Passport/Visa
Thailand

Passport Required? 
British Yes 
Australian Yes 
Canadian Yes 
USA Yes 
Other EU Yes 
Visa Required? 
British No 
Australian No 
Canadian No 
USA No 
Other EU 1/2 
Return Ticket Required? 
British Yes 
Australian Yes 
Canadian Yes 
USA Yes 
Other EU Yes 


Passports

Passport valid for six months on date of application required by all nationals referred to in the chart above.
 

Visas
Not required by all nationals referred to in the chart above for touristic stays of up to 30 days (if entering via an international airport) or 15 days (if entering by land from a neighbouring country), provided they hold valid passports, sufficient funds (20,000 baht per person or 40,000 baht per family) and confirmed airline tickets to leave Thailand within the time allowed by their visa, except:

1. nationals of Bulgaria, Romania and Malta who do need to obtain a visa before travelling to Thailand;
2. nationals of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Poland, Slovak Republic and Slovenia who may apply for visas on arrival for stays of up to 15 days. A fee is payable for this visa.
Visa Note
(a) The total duration of stay in Thailand for persons who enter Thailand without a visa cannot exceed 90 days during any six month period, counting from the date of first entry. 
(b) If you intend on staying or working in Thailand for longer than 30 days you must obtain a Tourist visa for stays of up to 60 days or a Non-immigrant visa for stays of up to 90 days. 
(c) Nationals not refer

red to in the chart above are advised to contact the embassy to check visa requirements (see Contact Addresses).


Types of Visa and Cost

Tourist: £28 (per entry). Non-immigrant: £45 (single-entry); £100 (double-entry).
Validity
Tourist: three months, 6 months for more than one entry; Non-immigrant single-entry: three months; Non-immigrant multiple-entry: one year.
Applications to:
Consulate (or consular section at embassy or high commission); see Contact Addresses.
Working Days Required
Two. Postal applications are usually being processed within 24 hours. Applications made in person take 30 minutes.

Population: 

Thais are well-known for their friendliness and hospitality. A large majority of over 62 million citizens of Thailand are ethic Thai, along with strong communities whose ethnic origins lie in China, India and elsewhere. About 7 million people reside in the capital city of Bangkok.

People: 

Thai (80%), Chinese (10%), Malay (3%), and the rest are minorities (Mons, Khmers, hill tribes) Ethnic Thais form the majority, though the area has historically been a migratory crossroads, and has thus produced a degree of ethnic diversity. Integration is such, however, that culturally and socially there is enormous unity.

Language: 

Spoken and written Thai is largely incomprehensible to the casual visitor. However, English is widely understood, particularly in Bangkok where it is almost the major commercial language. English and some European Languages are spoken in most hotels, shops and restaurants in major tourist destinations, and Thai-English road and street signs are found nationwide.

Religion: 

Buddhism (95%), Muslim (4%), others (1%)

Thailand is one of the most strongly Buddhist countries in the world. The national religion is Theravada Buddhism, a branch of Hinayana Buddhism, practiced by more than 90 % of all Thais. 

The remainder of the population adheres to lslam, Christianity, Hinduism and other faiths all of which are allowed full freedom of expression. Buddhism continues to cast strong influence on daily life. Senior monks are highly revered. Thus, in towns and villages, the temple (wat) is the heart of social and religious life. Meditation, one of the most popular aspects of Buddhism, is practiced regularly by numerous Thai as a means of promoting inner peace and happiness.

Administration: 

76 provinces, each subdivided into amphoe (district), tambon (sub-district) and muban (village)


Geography 


The kingdom of Thailand lies in the heart of Southeast Asia, making it a natural gateway to Indochina, Myanmar and Southern China. Its shape and geography divide into four natural regions : the mountains and forests of the North; the vast rice fields of the Central Plains; the semi-arid farm lands of the Northeast plateau; and the tropical islands and long coastline of the peninsula South. 

The country comprises 76 provinces that are further divided into districts, sub-districts and villages. Bangkok is the capital city and centre of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. It is also the seat of Thailand's revered Royal Family, with His Majesty the King recognised as Head of State, Head of the Armed Forces, Upholder of the Buddhist religion and Upholder of all religions.

Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, or King Rama IX, the ninth king of the Chakri Dynasty, the present king. The King has reigned for more than half a century, making him the longest reigning Thai monarch. Thailand embraces a rich diversity of cultures and traditions. With its proud history, tropical climate and renowned hospitality, the Kingdom is a never-ending source of fascination and pleasure for international visitors.


Topography: 

Thailand is divided into 4 natural regions: 

The mountainous North, with its profusion of multi-coloured orchids, fascinating native handicrafts and winter temperatures are sufficiently cool to permit cultivation of temperate fruits such as strawberries and peaches; 

The high Northeast Plateau, which still jealously guards its many archaeological and anthropological mysteries; 

The Central Plain, one of the world's most fertile rice and fruit-growing areas with colourful traditional culture and way of life as well as the sandy beaches of the East Coast and vibrant cosmopolitan Bangkok; 

The peninsular South where the unspoiled beaches and idyllic islands complement economically vital tin mining, rubber cultivation and fishing.

Government:

Thailand has had a constitutional monarchy since 1932. Parliament is composed of 2 houses, The House of Representatives and the Senate. Both representatives and senators are elected by the people. A prime minister elected from among the representatives leads the government. The country is divided into 76 provinces. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration comes under an elected governor. Appointed provincial governors administer the other 75 provinces (Changwat), which are divided into districts (Amphoe), sub-districts (Tambon) and villages (Mu Ban). 

Head of State:

H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX of the Chakri Dynasty) 
Head of Government: 
Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej

 

 

Read our collection of amazing and important facts about this wonderful Southeast Asian nation before booking you and your family your flights to Thailand. Get important information about the country prepared especially for tourists who want to know where to get great booking for Thai hotels, the best places to sample Thai cuisine, the visa and passport requirements for entry into Thailand-- everything you need to know to prepare you for your journey, N.S. Travels has it all here for you!

 

General Info

Time:

The time in Thailand is seven hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+7 hours GMT).

Climate: 


Thailand enjoys a tropical climate with three distinct seasons-hot and dry from February to May (average temperature 34 degrees Celsius and 75% humidity); rainy with plenty of sunshine from June to October (average day temperature 29 degrees Celsius and 87% humidity); and cool from November to January (temperatures range from 32 degrees Celsius to below 20 degrees Celsius with a drop in humidity).

Much lower temperatures are experienced in the North and Northeast during nighttime. The South has a tropical rainforest climate with temperatures averaging 28 degrees Celsius almost all year round.

Hot and humid 
February - May
4 degrees Celsius with 75% humidity.
Rainy and sunshine 
June - October
29 degrees Celsius with 87% humidity.
Cool and sometimes cold in 
-the northern region. 
November - January
32 degrees down to below 29 degrees with drastic drop of humidity.

Electricity: 

The electric current is 220 volt AC (50 cycles) throughout the country. Many different types of plugs and sockets are in use. Travellers with electric shavers, hair dryers, tape recorders and other appliances should carry a plug adapter kit. The better hotels will make available 110-volt transformers.

Tap water: 


Tap water is clean but drinking from it directly should be avoided. Bottled water is recommended

Clothing : 


Light, cool clothes are sensible and a jacket is needed for formal meetings and dining in top restaurants. Shorts (except knee length walking shorts), sleeveless shirts, tank tops and other beach-style attire are considered inappropriate dress when not actually at the beach or in a resort area.

Weights & Measures : 


The metric system is used throughout Thailand. Numerals on vehicle speed ohmmeters, highway markers and speed limits all indicate kilometres.

Business hours : 


Most commercial concerns in Bangkok operate on a five-day week, usually from 8 am to 5 pm. Many stores open seven days a week from 10 am to 10 pm. Government offices are generally open between 8.30 am and 4.30 pm with a noon to 1 pm lunch break, Monday to Friday except on public holidays. Banks are open Mondays to Fridays from 9.30 am to 3.30 pm except on public holidays.

Postal Services : 


Thailand's mail service is reliable and efficient. Major hotels provide basic postal services on their premises. Provincial post offices are usually open from 8.00 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. 

International Roaming Mobile Phone : A Subscriber Identity Module Card (SIM Card) is now available for Thai and foreign customers who are travelling around for work. The SIM Card must be used in conjunction with a Digital GSM mobile phone within the 900-MHz range or a Digital PCN mobile phone within the 1800-MHz range.

Fax and E-Mail : 


All of Thailand's leading hotels offer facsimile (fax) and e-mail services. Numerous private businesses offer such facilities, most often in conjunction with translation services.

Internet Services : 


Thailand has been expanding its information service for residents and tourists alike through the Internet system. Services are now available at Thailand's leading hotels and at the many " Cyber-Cafes " that are cropping up in all major tourist destinations.

Telephone Services : 

At present, all telephone numbers (for local calls and long distance calls within the country) have nine digits.

  • For Bangkok calls, 02 is added to the existing numbers i.e. 0 2694 1222.
  • For provincial calls, an area code is added to the existing numbers. For example, area code for Chiang Mai is 053 = 0 5324 8604; area code for Phuket is 076 = 0 7621 1036.
  • For mobile phones, After September 1,2006, all Thai mobile phone numbers will be extended to 10 digits. Simply add an 8 in the middle of the existing two-digit prefix, followed by the existing seven-digit number. For example, numbers starting with (66) 01 will become (66) 081 XXX XXXX
  • The new system has no effect on international phone calls.
  • The international dialing code for Thailand is 66.
  • When making international calls to Thailand, add 66 and omit the leading 0.
  • When making international calls from Thailand, first dial 001+country code+area code+telephone number
  • If calling Laos or Malaysia, there is a special code which is charged at a semi-domestic rate.
  • When calling Laos, first dial 007+856+area code+telephone number
  • When calling Malaysia, first dial 09+06+area code+telephone number
  • Direct assistance: 1133 (local), 100 (international)

Emergency Telephone Numbers

  • Central Emergency (Police, Ambulance, Fire) : 191
  • Highway Patrol : 1193
  • Crime Suppression : 195 or (662) 513 3844
  • Tourist Police (English, French and German spoken) : 1155
  • Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) Call Centre : 1672
  • Immigration Bureau : (662) 287 3101-10